The Indians that have lived in Miami County are the Miamis, the Confederated tribes, the Pottawatomies
    and the Shawnees.

    The Shawnee reservation embraced a strip of land across the northern end of the county, about two and
    one fourth miles in width. Some of them continued to live here until 1866, when with the remainder of their
    tribe they moved to the Indian Territory.

    The Pottawatomie reservation, which was partly in Franklin County, embraced in Miami County, Mound and
    Osawatomie townships and a small portion of Stanton and Valley township, in all about eighty square
    miles, or 51,000 acres. This tribe was removed to a reservation on the Kansas river in 1847-48 where a
    portion of them still remain.

    The Confederated Tribes were composed of the Weas, Piakeshaws, Peorias and Kaskaskias. They
    inhabited the northern part of the county, bordering the Shawnee Reservation. Upon their removal here
    they were but remnants of previously large and powerful tribes. The Weas were at one time a portion of the
    Miami tribe, their language being almost identical with that of the Miamis. The Confederated Tribes
    formerly lived in Southern Illinois. In 1818 they removed to Eastern Missouri and settled near St.
    Genevieve. In 1827 the Weas and Piakeshaws moved to what is now Miami County, the Peorias followed
    in a year or two, and the Kaskaskias came in 1832. From this time until 1854, these tribes continued to live
    in undisturbed possession o their reservation, when it became necessary to open the country to
    settlement, and a treaty was made between them and the Government by which they sold all their lands
    except for 160 acres for each member of the tribe, ten sections for tribal purposes, and one section for the
    support of a Mission School. In the formation of this treaty, Col. Manypenny represented the Government
    and Kio-kun-no-zah, Yellow Beaver, and others as chiefs the Indians; Baptiste Peoria acting as interpreter.

    As white settlers came in and filled up the county, the Confederated tribes made preparations to make one
    more removal. With the consent of the Government, a delegation from the tribes purchased a portion of the
    lands of the Quapaws and Senecas in the Indian Territory in 1866. The purchase was ratified by treaty in
    1868 and most of the Confederated tribes removed to their new homes, on Spring River, that year. Many of
    those who remained were admitted to citizenship and were prosperous members of the community, while
    some have since gone to the Indian

    When the treaty of 1854 was made, the Confederated Tribes numbered 260, but they have steadily
    declined in numbers.

    At least two of the members of the Confederated tribes are worthy of brief mention-Win-ris-cah, or
    Christmas Dagnette, and Baptiste Peoria.

    The former was born near Terre Haute, Ind., about the year 1800. He was a nephew of a Wea chief, and
    received a liberal education. Besides three or four Indian languages, he could speak English, French, and
    Spanish, and at the age of sixteen acted as interpreter for the Government. He removed to Kansas with his
    tribe, which he served for a number of years as chief and died in 1848.

    Baptiste Peoria was born also about the year 1800, near Kaskaskia, Ill. He did not receive a school
    education but by the natural force of his intellect acquired a number of Indian languages, the Shawnee,
    Delaware and Pottawatomie, besides those of the several Confederated Tribes, and also English and
    French. He acted for many years in the capacity of interpreter, and for some time as chief, but generally
    preferred to be on the "outside" as there he could be of much more use to his tribe, which during almost
    the whole of his long life continued to look up to him as their best advisor. When the tribes removed to the
    Indian Territory, Baptiste went with them and died there in the year 1874. He was a man of large and
    enlightened views, and was distinguished for the virtues which spring from a kindly heart and generous
    spirit. His widow, who was at the time of her marriage to him, the widow of Christmas Dagnette, still
    resides in Paola, at the ripe age of eighty-two, loved and respected by all who know her.

    The Miamis were the first settlers in Miami County. They, as a a portion of the Shawnees, were originally
    from Ohio. They were removed to what is now Indiana, by Gen. Anthony Wayne, in accordance with the
    treaty of August 3, 1795. In 1840, a treaty was made by which they agreed to remove to new homes in the
    Indian Territory (now Kansas) and in 1846, eight hundred Miamis located in the southeast part of the
    present Miami County, on Sugar Creek. In 1847 about 300 more arrived; and in 1848 about 500 of them
    returned to Indiana, which return was afterwards acquiesced in by act of Congress.

    In the same year those Miamis remaining in the county removed their home from Sugar Creek to the
    Marias des Cygnes in the central southern portion of the county, locating at what has since been known as
    Miami village. The removal was caused by sickness, superinduced by change of climate, privation and
    exposure. In three years from the time of their arrival on Sugar Creek their number was reduced by death
    from 600 to 300, one-half the deaths occurring on Sugar Creek. Their principal burying ground was then
    about two miles southeast of the present village of Rockville.

    The original Miami reservation consisted of about 500,000 acres of land, and was bounded on the east by
    Missouri, on the south by the reservation of the New York Indians, on the west by the Pottawatomie
    reservation, and on the north by that of the Confederated tribes. In 1854, as white settlers began to see
    homes on the Miami reservation, the Government purchased all but 72,000 acres, Col Manypenny acting
    for the Government and Now-a-lun-qua ("Big-Legs") on the part of the Miamis and Jack Hackley as

    The Miamis remained on this remnant of their reservation until 1871, when having been reduced to about
    130 in number, the most of them removed to the Neosho River in the Indian Territory. A few remained and
    became citizens of the United States, made considerable progress in agriculture, and became useful,
    upright and respected citizens.

    The agents for these tribes have been the following: Col. Ely Moore,  Coffey, 1854 to 1855; Col. M.
    McCaslin, 1855 to 1857; Gen. Seth Clover, 1857 to 1861; Col. G. A. Colton, 1861 to 1869; James Stanley,
    1869 to the time the Agency was abolished. Col. McCaslin was removed by President Buchanan for having
    protested against the invasion of Kansas by Missourians. He was Colonel of the Fifteenth Virginia Infantry
    during the rebellion.
    Native American
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Miami County Historical Museum - 12 E. Peoria, - Paola, KS 66071 Phone: 913-294-4940
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