Chapter 3: THE  WAR  IS  OVER,  THE  INDIANS  ARE  GONE,  AND  GROWTH  BEGINS!!
“Railroads and Banking Set The Stage For An Economic Boom”

Paola!  Not far distant is the day,
When thou shall flourish in a rich display

Of busy streets, of buildings grand and high—
A thousand chimneys pointing to the sky;

While underneath your old suburban trees,
The costly homes of opulence and ease,

Where every breeze is fragrant as you see
The growth of commerce and prosperity.

                                      Local Paola Poet, 1866


The beginning of the 1870s brought many changes to Paola. The Civil War was over; the Indians who didn’t own
property had gone to the Oklahoma Territory with Baptiste Peoria; settlers were arriving in greater numbers.  A May
22, 1869, story in the Miami Republican reads, "Monday night, four stages and four hacks arrived here from the end of
the railroad tracks, carrying 73 passengers, besides 30 others who walked in, carrying their carpet bags." Other
articles note that the depot was fast being completed and a sidewalk was being built from the public square to the
depot. Citizens were continuing the difficult task of building a city. The poem above expresses the optimistic feelings of
Paola’s earliest citizens.

Please note: Items in this time period from 1870-1900 whosse sources are not specifically cited have been taken from
the newspaper clippings collection of Ethel J. Hunt.

1870—“The work of building sidewalks and grading and leveling the streets is still progressing and adds much to the
appearance of the city.’

1870—“April 7, 1870   On motion of Haughey, an appropriation of $75.00 for a band stand in the Public Square was
passed.” --Book A, City Journal 1869-1882 of City of Paola.

1870—On March 19, 1870, a count was made and 52 teams at one time were hitched to the hitching rack around Park
Square with loads of grain, wood and produce.--Ethel J. Hunt’s “History of Paola”.

1870—“East Ward votes at the Light and Danning Livery Stable and West votes at calaboose.”

1870—“The Paola Cemetery was platted and recorded in September, 1870.”

1870—“Copley's is just in receipt of a stock of undertaker's materials and can supply walnut coffins in 15 minutes and
velvet covers in an incredibly short time.”

1870—“Mangrum & Branch, artists in this city have been taking a number of views of the town and vicinity which are
well executed and will be the very thing to send back East to friends.  The views are taken from the residence of E.W.
Massey, Esq., near the windmill and show the most of the town with the "pilot mound" on the west, the high prairie on
the south and the meanderings of Bull Creek with its banks covered with timber.”

1870—A Bowstring Arch Truss type-bridge was built over Bull Creek at the south end of Paola. As was common during
the period, whenever increasing loads required a new bridge, the older one was relocated to a site where a lighter
bridge would suffice. This happened to the Bull Creek bridge in 1903. The three spans were disconnected and moved to
various locations in Miami County. One span was placed at Bryan Ford over Middle Creek, south of Beagle. Another was
placed at David Ford over Middle Creek, east of Jingo. The final span, and the bridge that is part of the nature trail in
Topeka, was located at Whitaker Ford on Wea Creek, three miles west and two miles north of Louisburg--Kansas State
Historical Society.

1871—June 21 the Paola Town Company deeded the land that had been used for recreation for the Indians and
incoming settlers to Paola City with the proviso that it should only be used as public grounds. See copy of deed below.
The text has been copied using the language, spelling, capitalization, etc. of the original document. A copy of the
original document can be seen at the Swan River Museum.

1871---“The Paola fire department was organized July 6, 1871 and will meet the first Saturday of each month.  The
council will be asked to appropriate money for the purchase of engine, hose and necessary fixtures.”
      
Ethel Hunt’s “History of Paola, Kansas” tells that the fire wagon was horse drawn and the firemen all put on red shirts
before going to a fire. Water was pumped from nearby wells.

An 1884 insurance map of Paola (located in the Swan River Museum) shows the location of the town’s wells. With the
wood buildings there was always danger from fires.     

1871----The Western Spirit (originally called The Kansas Spirit) was established.

1871—“The track of the M. K. & T. Railway was completed into this city on Sunday evening. Immense crowds were
passing out all day to observe the work and followed after the tracklayers until after 11 o’clock p.m. when the city was
reached. A large number of our citizens accompanied by the band went out and had a “jubilee.”  Welcoming speeches
were made, huzzas were shouted and divers and sundry kegs of beer were emptied, etc. etc.”  Miami Republican,
Sept. 30, 1871

1871—On June 24, 1871, Baptiste Peoria deeded two acres of land to School District 21. p. 401, Book V Miami County
Courthouse, Register of Deeds. (The acreage was to be used for the building of the new school.)

Baptiste Peoria had gone to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma) with the Indians who had chosen to not become citizens,
but newspaper articles show that he returned frequently--probably tend to business affairs and visit family and friends.

1871—“October 14—The corner stone of the Paola educational institute (the high school building) was laid Tuesday,
under the auspices of the Masonic lodges of this city, Osawatomie and Stanton, with due solemnity and
impressiveness. At 1 o’clock the lodges in full regalia formed in the street and preceded by the Silver Cornet band and
followed by pupils of our public school, marched to the site of the new school building.”

1871—“Mrs. Susan B. Anthony spoke at Methodist Church.”

1871—“The Olathe Mirror says that there is a greater demand for Paola beer in that city than for Kansas City made
beer.”

1871—“Contract to build cistern for the use of the city has been let and work commenced on the northeast corner of
square. It is to be 18 feet deep and 20 feet in diameter to be furnished with water by means of a hydraulic ram from
the big spring on the premises of G.W. Mitchler. It is destined to become the most popular drinking resort in the city”

1871—“The fences around the public square are being removed and set in about 10 feet where a sidewalk will be put
down around it. Stone hitching posts will be put up...The square is to be planted in evergreens and with the wide
gravel walks and fountain in the center, the public square of Paola will be the most beautiful in the state”

1871---"Among the new buildings completed is the splendid new dwelling house of Mrs. Baptiste Peoria in the east part
of the city on Kaskaskia Street. The cost of the most creditable structure is $6,000."

In a research paper written by Mrs. Ed Parker in 1935, Mrs. Parker tells that "Mother Batees", as Mrs. Peoria was
known, lived in a rambling log house next to the City Hall before she planned and built her new house. In 2005, her
house is owned and well cared for by Evelyn Burson (Mrs. Willie Burson).

1872–“The Ladies had a "leap year" party at the elegant and comfortable home of Mrs. Baptiste Peoria. They procured
an omnibus to transport their companions. With good music, delightful games and entertaining conversation, the
evening passed most pleasantly and nice supper was served at 11:00.”

1872—“Motto of the women suffragists of Kansas is “no ballot, no babies.” From the March 9, 1872 Western Spirit        

1872—“Memorial Day is rapidly approaching and it is time some action was taken by Paola citizens for its observance.
There are 50 soldiers buried in the cemetery of this city and it is fitting that the day should be properly observed.”        

1872—“The Wine Making and Grape Growing Association has again come to life and will meet the 30th.”

1872—Two years ago there were 8 saloons in Paola, all prospering. Last year the high license fee reduced the saloons
to 4 or 5.”  

1872—“Mose Wronker, the cigar manufacturer, goes back into the Scherman Building.”

1872—“Cy Shaw is about to erect a new residence on his lots north of the city in what used to be called Baptisteville by
the early settlers.”

1872—“Maj. Baptiste Peoria returned a few days since from Washington city where he has been for some months past
looking after the interests of his children.”

1872—“Responses are being received from almost every point along the Ft. Scott and Holden railroad to invitations to
attend the Grant and Wilson rally here on the 22nd. Some of the best speakers in the nation and in the state will be
here. Three brass bands will play.”

1872—“Col.. A.S. West & Son who have been engaged in the pork packing business the past season, say they have
packed 800 head of hogs, averaging 240 pounds each. They have sent one carload of bacon to St. Louis.” (The plant
was located at the northeast intersection of Wea and Pearl Street.)

1872—“Already the stream of immigration has begun and the white covered wagon of the settler seeking a home is
daily seen moving over the hard frozen ground of our prairies.”

1872—In the early settlement days, there weren’t many residents in town. Consequently, citizens had plenty of room
to grow their vegetable gardens and keep pigs, chickens, cows, goats, horses etc on their property. Early newspaper
comments seem strange today, but the roaming animals created real problems for the residents. Note the next three
articles listed:

1872— “All hogs running at large will be impounded starting Monday. They are doing great injury by their rooting up of
shrubbery, fences and the like”.

1872— “Who stole the city hog pound?  Even the material out of which it was constructed has disappeared.”

1872— “Those pesky critters, goats, are becoming quite numerous around town again. One of them jumped through
the glass door into Snyder's store this week.”

1872—Life in Paola in the 70's was as raw and rigorous as it was in other small towns that were being developed in
the sweeping Westward Movement. Selected items from Miami Republican and Western Spirit newspapers listed below
typify some everyday conditions early Paola settlers experienced.

1872— “In order to stop, if possible, the noise of people walking around in the courtroom, Sheriff Weaver has spread a
bountiful supply of sawdust over the floor. It works like a charm”

1872— “Paola sidewalks are in a deplorable shape, boards flying up and holes that are very large.”

1872— “Blanks for bids for wooden sidewalks are sent out by the city clerk and many people are urging that brick be
used instead of wood.”

1872— “Marshal Long shot Watson Pinneo last Wednesday, when trying to arrest him. Pinneo resisted, whereupon
Long fired the shot that took effect in Pinneo’s neck. Pinneo was put in jail and is now out under bond”.

1872— “Watson Pinneo, who was shot by Marshal Long last week, is recovering. The wound in the neck is nearly well.”

“1872—J.J. Smith who has the largest vineyard in Eastern Kansas on his farm four miles northwest of Paola will make
5,000 gallons of wine this year. He made 4,000 gallons last year and it was disposed of at fair prices.”

1872— “C.Hansman advertised that he would deliver a four gallon keg of good beer for family use to any place in Paola
for $1.00.”  (brewery was on west Peoria.).

1872—“Bruce Younger, a cousin of the Younger brothers, was arrested at Joplin last Monday on the charge of being
concerned with the Missouri Pacific train robbery. Younger has frequented the saloons in Paola considerably the last six
months.”

1872— “Hugh Conner, brother of John Conner, was in town celebrating at the Sogemeir saloon last Saturday night,
and got into about three rapid fire fights. He whipped the first two fellows all right, but the third one was too much for
him.”

1872—The North School was built on the two acres of land deeded to the school district by Baptiste Peoria in 1871.

1872—“Seniors in the Paola High School study spherical trigonometry, surveying and navigation, astronomy, geology,
mineralogy, zoology, mental philosophy, logic, Latin, Greek, French or German are optional.”

1872—The Miami County Teachers’ Library was established in 1872.--From Story of Paola, Kansas 1857-1950.

1872—“Blind Tom, the Negro musical prodigy whose concert here two years ago gave complete satisfaction, will again
visit Paola.”

1873—“The first barrel of native crude lubricating oil ever shipped from Kansas left Paola at 10 o’clock a.m. September
11, 1873. It goes to the Kansas City Exposition for exhibition.”

1873--- Miami County leased the first free school building for courthouse purposes in 1873. The school building was
abandoned when the North School was completed. Built on the location of the jail (in 2005) and facing Miami Street, it
was a two-story brick building with two rooms on the first floor and one large room upstairs. It had been erected as a
school in 1865 at the cost of $14,000 and was sold to the county in 1876 for $8,000. (See picture with 1876 entries.)
July 23, 1873--- Ingersol, of Croft and Ingersol, sold forty-four feet of Lot 1 of Block 31 to the City of Paola. Those 44
feet sold to the city had been purchased from Mary A. Peoria and her husband (Baptiste Peoria). In November, 1869,
Mary A. and Baptiste had bought lots 1 and 2 from the Paola Town Company. Later in November of 1869, Mary A.
Peoria and her husband (Baptiste) sold the east 44 feet of lot 1 to Croft and Ingersol. Information from the Miami
County Register of Deeds Office.

1873—“Three Greason brothers bought the Miami Republican which was established in 1866.”   The Story of Paola

1873--- Baptiste Peoria died in 1873 and was buried in the tribal cemetery --September 13, 1873. From the Tulsa
Sunday World, October 22, 1967.

1874—“Mrs. Peoria left for the Indian Nation on Monday morning last accompanied by Charles Hedges.”

1874--The Panic of 1873, the ensuing depression, and a period of drought had already made life miserable for a great
many settlers but economic difficulties and a lack of rain were things which most people had coped with and could
understand. Nobody was ready to battle this strange phenomenon-this plague of locusts that descended on the land
from the Dakotas to Texas in mid-summer.--Robert W. Richmond, Kansas State Archivist.

1874— “The long looked for grasshoppers arrived in Paola today (8/22/1874) at 1 o’clock.”

1874---A 1936 research paper prepared by Nettie Murray for the Pleasant Hour Club (a study club) relates that the
grasshoppers came to Paola in 1874 and ate everything green and then left after three days. The next spring little
grasshoppers hatched by the thousands and ate everything green, even the bark on rose bushes. When their wings
grew, they flew away the last of May. Farmers replanted their corn, the rains came and the corn matured before the
frost came. In spite of the plague, the farmers had a fine crop of corn that year.

1874—“The 12 sheriff sales in this issue indicate the wiping out of the title of many farmers to their land in Miami
County.”

1874—“On the hill by the new Paola school building is the Bache windmill that grinds corn. It is a curiosity because it is
constructed in the old fashioned manner. The arms, or rather fans, are very long and, when in action, furnish an
interesting feature.”

1874—“Cole Younger, the noted outlaw, spent last Saturday night in Paola, but the fact was not known until Monday.”

1874---Headlines from The Miami Republican dated 8/8/1974:

Disastrous Fire
Paola’s most severe loss!
The St. Charles Hotel and
Union Block Burned!
A Large Number of Business Rooms Destroyed!
Loss, seventy-five Thousand Dollars!

The St Charles Hotel, owned by Messrs. W.G. Krutz and W.R. Wagstaff and the Union Block, owned by Thomas Lester of
Indiana, were on the north side of the square. Business owners in the basement of the hotel were J.W. Price, druggist,
E.K. Shaw, jeweler, J.W. Campbell, saloon owner, and Charles Button, barber and bath rooms.

On the first floor of Union Block, there were the First National Bank, W.E. Nicely & Co. Clothing, and the Hoosier Store,
groceries. The second floor of the Union Block was occupied by H.S. Campbell real estate; Sperry Baker, attorney-at-
low, M. Klassen, merchant tailor, police judge James Kingsley, and the Republican office. On the third floor were the
lodge rooms of the Masons and the Odd Fellows.

1875—“Charles Mathews has opened a match factory in Paola, and will in a few days have on had a supply to meet
demands.”

1875—“Voting for the East Ward will be at the calaboose. Voting for the West Ward will be at the office of P.P. Fowler,
Police.” --Western Spirit, September 30, 1875.

1875—“J.B. Hobson as administrator of Allen T. Ward will have a sale at the front door of the courthouse on the 18th
offering 4 shares of stock in the Paola Town Company.”

1876 —“Pleasant Hour Club was organized.”

1876---"The fire company has had a new belfry erected on the engine house and the new bell hoisted to its place. It is
a very nice bell."   

1876--- “The work of changing the old schoolhouse into a court house is progressing. It will answer the purpose of
county offices and court room for the next 25 years.”

1876—“The courthouse building is finished and many citizens had an opportunity of inspecting it last Saturday, and we
believe everyone was pleased with it.”  

1876—“If you want to find the length of any day, multiply the hour at sunrise by 2; to find the length of any night,
multiply the hour of sunset by 2"

1876—“Steam was raised in the cheese factory one day this week. Cleaning up and getting ready for business, we
suppose.”

1876—“The Paola Cheese Co. will commence making cheese May 1".

1876—“And now comes a reputable citizen of this place with a letter from Henry Ward Beecher, saying: "Drop in and
see me. I have a jug filled and not with water either."

1876—“J.C. Cusey shipped 10 cars of fat cattle to Kansas City last Monday from Paola.”

1876—“There is much rejoicing among the temperance people, especially the women, because Milt Ward has joined the
Good Templars. Milt isn’t a hard drinker for it goes down easy with him–about three pints a day.”

1876—“The Paola Good Templar Dramatic Troupe will produce their play “The Drunkards Warning...Admission 25 cents,
reserved seats 50 cents.”

1876—“Charles Shubert, the tailor, says he will trade a suit of clothes for hickory nuts or walnuts.”

1876—“Ahrens and Warnke have completed their new building on the south side of Park Square. Much credit is due
them for their energy and faith in Paola.”

1876---        “The colored Masons had a festival and ball in the old school building Thursday evening.”

1876—“Fred Kiddle, manager of the Paola Flour Mills has put in a new corn sheller with a capacity of 2,000 bushels per
day.”

1876—“Corn from Kansas sells for two cents a bushel more in Baltimore than corn from any other state.”

1876—“Dr. Hoover has a fish trap on Bull Creek and last Tuesday morning he brought in a cat fish weighing 55 pounds.”

1876—“According to ordinance, the city marshal has the right to impound all livestock running at large, and he now has
three large pens of horses, cows, hogs and dogs.”

From the earliest days, Paolans have participated in many organizations–churches, service and social. Listed below are
organizations referred to in the 1870 to 1900 period in this publication:

Fire Department
Wine Making & Grape Growing Association
      Miami County Teachers
      Good Templars Lodge
      Masonic Lodge
      Order of Eastern Star
      Pleasant Hour Club
      Odd Fellows Lodge
      Rebecca Lodge
      Immigration and Agricultural Society
      Western Enterprise Club
League of American Wheelmen
      W.T.C.U.
      Salvation Army
      Knights of Pythias
                      Anti-Thief Association
      Paola Cornet Band
      Company C.K.N.G.
      Richard’s Drum Corps
      McCaslin G.A.R. Post

In 2005, three of the groups listed above are still active. The Masonic Lodge was organized in 1860, and received its
charter in 1862. (A picture of W.R. Wagstaff accompanies this entry because he was the first Master of Paola Lodge
#37 A.F. & A.M. of Paola in addition to being the manager of the Paola Town Company from the reorganization of the
Paola Town Company in 1858 until the final dissolution of the company in 1865 when the charter expired.)

The Andreas History of Kansas notes that Paola’s charter issued in 1855 was granted for ten years. In the
reorganization of the Paola Town Company in 1858, Baptiste Peoria was re-elected president, Allen Ward was elected
treasurer and W.R. Wagstaff was elected agent and secretary. After that June, 1858 meeting no other officers were
elected. Allen died in 1862; and his vacancy was not filled. The charter expired in 1865. Under laws for dissolution of
companies, W.R. Wagstaff, as agent and secretary, became Trustee with full power to settle the Paola Town Company
affairs.

Along with many other old Paola documents, W.R. Wagstaff’s signature as manager of the Paola Town Company is on
the Park Square Deed and the South School Deed, two documents that are reviewed in this section of the time line.

The Order of Eastern Star was first organized June 25, 1872 in the hall of Paola Lodge #27 A.F. and A.M.

1876---“The Pleasant Hour Club was organized.” In 1902 the Pleasant Hour Club conceived the idea and carried into
execution the organization of the Second District Kansas Federation of Women’s Clubs. (From the Pleasant Hour Club
Scrapbook.) Pleasant Hour Club and the Second District Kansas Federation of Women’s Clubs still exist in 2005.

1877--An 1877 brochure published by the Western Spirit sent to eastern areas to encourage settlement in Miami
County, Kansas, had the following to say about Paola:

“Paola today is one of the liveliest towns of the state, beautifully situated, surrounded on all sides with timber. Bull
Creek borders it on the west and south, and Wea Creek on the east. It has a population of over 1,600, with no objects
of charity. It has a large courthouse, $65,000 school house, five churches, the prettiest park in the state, two railroad
depots, three mills, fine brick business blocks, one carriage and buggy manufactory, three wagon manufactories, two
pump manufactories, five blacksmith shops, two harness shops, two printing offices (Spirit and Republican), two tailor
shops, three milliner stores, four furniture stores, four agricultural implement dealers, five grain dealers, seven grocery
stores, four dry goods stores, three drug stores, one sewing machine store, one news depot, two baker and
confectionery stores, three restaurants, eight hotels and boarding houses, three livery stables, two veterinary
surgeons (Light and Edmiston), two lumber yards, two banks, one flour and grain store, five carpenter shops, one
flour chest manufactory, three barber shops, one stock feeder, eight physicians, four clergymen, ten attorneys, one
auctioneer (A.B. Light), three real estate agents, five contractors and builders, eight stone masons and brick layers,
one professional gardener, four painters, one fire department, one Masonic Lodge, one Odd Fellows Lodge, one Good
Templars Lodge, nine church organizations, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Congregational, Christian, Catholic,
Independent Presbyterian and Universalist: three dentists, one photograph gallery, four boot and shoe shops, three
watch makers, and four saloons.”

1877—The first Kansas Day celebration was held when L.G.A. Copley, a teacher at the North School, planned an
intensive study of Kansas for his history students that ended with an afternoon event January 29, 1877. Many
interested patrons joined the history students and the other classes of the school to learn facts about the State of
Kansas. The event was so successful that Mr. Copley implemented the Kansas Day program into the schools in Wichita
when he became superintendent of schools in that city. It became his hobby to encourage schools over the state to
acknowledge the birthday of Kansas. Topeka, Lawrence, Emporia and Fort Scott had adopted the suggestion 1881.

1878—Map of Paola shows a Lock-up Pound and Morgue on the footage back of the City Hall which is located on the
east 44 feet of Lot 1 of Block 31.

1878—“Harry Nye finished his new residence at 105 East Wea.”  Sept. 6, 1878, Miami Republican. (The east brick
portion of the house built in 1878 is still a part of the remodeled house at 105 East Wea.--Verla Thomas, 2005)

1878 ---“Professor Wherrell has moved to Paola from Leavenworth and will open the first session of the Kansas Normal
School and Business Institute in September.”--Miami Republican, May 10, 1878.

1878—Dr. John Wherrell founded the Kansas Normal School and Business Institute in Paola in 1878. There were 5
institutes in Kansas --Leavenworth, Wellington, Emporia, Fort Scott, and Paola. The Normal School flourished for about
six years. It was on the third floor of the North School. U.S. Senator Chester I. Long was one of the students who
attended Dr. Wherrell’s normal school.

1878—“The Kansas Normal School and Business Institute Building, which is located at Paola, Kansas is the handsomest
school building in the state. It is very large and commodious, well adapted school purposes, beautifully finished inside
and furnished throughout with the most approved style of furniture. Every room in the building is heated with the
Tubular Furnace and thoroughly ventilated according to the Ruttan system of ventilation. Paola is situated on the high
rolling prairie in Miami County and is without a doubt as healthy a place as there is in the Union. In its social
advantages it is all that can be desired.”

1878—“Wesley Hymer has a real horse hospital at his big barn on the east edge of Paola. He is an experienced
veterinarian. He treated a driving horse three months for a broken leg and turned it over to the owner, sound as ever.”

1878—“Barb wire is a recent invention,” said J.M. George yesterday, “and the people may as well make up their minds
that it is to be the coming fence. The complaint that livestock hurt themselves will soon be worn off.”

1879—“Meeting held at courthouse to plan for a First Decoration Day program. The scattering of flowers on the graves
of soldiers on May 30 will be the first real celebration of the kind in this town said Col. G.A.Colton.”—The Western Spirit,
May 11, 1879.

1879—“H.H. Grimshaw has just completed a large cistern on the property where he expects to build a hotel.” --The
Western Spirit, March 9, 1879.

1879—“The property owners along west Wea and Peoria streets are entering into a spirited rivalry as to which shall be
graded and macadamized first. This means business.”

1879—“Don’t forget Buckeye Bill’s Grand Auction Sale of carriages and buggies which takes place Wednesday, April 30.”

1879—“The members of the Paola Rifles are talking up a project for building an armory and city hall. The program
suggested is to organize a joint stock company with about 120 shares at $5 per share, which would build a first rate
one story building.

1879—“Wine from the J.J. Smith vineyard and winery  NW of Paola is being sold in Gus Sogomeier's saloon.”

1879—“Amos Long was elected Sheriff of Miami County.”

PICTURE OF SHERIFF LONG--2-13

1879—“Mrs. Baptiste Peoria has sold her brick building on the north side of the square to Harvey Perkens for $2,500.”

1879—“The Miami County Bank got 2,000 new silver dollars by express yesterday right from the mint.”

1879—“Bill Gordon, who takes care of the graveyard, found 113 quail eggs, 25 turkey eggs, 17 prairie chicken eggs, 7
guinea eggs and 25 snake eggs on his trip down to Arkansas two weeks ago. While there, he went to the old place of
his boyhood on a hill above the log house where there were some family graves.” (See picture 1-14 for more
information on Bill Gordon.)

1879—“Dr. Woodson D. Hoover gave us a sample of fine printing yesterday. It was the gospel of St. Matthew in
Pottawatomie Indian language.  It was the property of Dr. Hoover’s father-in-law, Joseph Lykins.”

1879—“Thomas Hedges, who lives now in Indian Territory, sends the office a copy of St. John’s Gospel printed in
Chippewa language.”

1879—“An anti -horse thief association was organized Saturday.”

1879—“Some of the boys who and girls who don’t like the stern methods of Professor Wherrell gave him a serenade
the other night that didn’t fit altogether. It was a mock funeral with a muffled drum. But they didn’t change the steady
gait of John Wherrell. He makes them mind him, anyhow.”

1879—“D. W. Oyster, Jr., with his brother, Tom, and his brother-in-law, Bill Bowen, came walking in from Arkansas
yesterday with 400 head of cattle which they bought down there in the hills and drove up to pasture in Miami County.”

1879—“The Western Spirit has been a popular place for seeking information because it has a copy of the Rice
geography published at the beginning of the Civil War in Atlanta, Georgia. This is the book that lost the Rice libel suit
against Captain Leslie J. Perry in district court here.”

1879—“Captain Perry who came back and started the Republican Citizen in opposition to the Republican Organ, known
as the Miami Republican, met the other day with John. H. Rice in a friendly conference and cut a big watermelon. In the
meeting Rice said, “Perry, you lied about me in that libel suit,” to which Captain Perry replied, “I am not sure that I tried
to do that because I could not keep up with you.”

1879—“Gus Sogemeier has re-papered and refurnished his drinking parlor and now serves Smith’s native wine,
manufactured a few miles northwest of Paola. He sells Hansmann’s beer, also made in this county.”

1879—“The Paola Rifles have received and accepted an invitation from the Adjutant General of Kansas to go to Topeka
and assist in the inauguration of Gov. St. John.”

1879—“Mr. P.D. Martin is determined to keep up with the times, and to progress with his barber shop with the rest of
the business houses of Paola. During the past week he has placed two of the Archer Patent Adjustable Chairs in his
shop.  It is a luxury to get shaved while sitting in one of these chairs, and indeed, all shops of style and comfort have
them. He has also placed elegant marble slabs in front of the three looking glasses.”

1879—“Miss Susan B. Anthony lectured in the Presbyterian Church, Paola, last Saturday evening. Her discourse was a
rare treat. Miss Anthony is not a handsome woman – smart people never are – but she possesses something better –
good, sound, common sense and the ability to present her practical ideas in such a way as to make them understood.“
prospecting for gas in the early 1880's led to gas being piped into Paola homes for domestic use. But the tremendous
economic boom came when the Paola Gas Company found a phenomenal supply of natural gas when well #2 was
struck in the Boon field. The decade of the 1880's in this outline will depict everyday life, physical growth and economic
growth which reached its zenith with the Gas Celebration of 1887.
Paola, Kansas
a 150 year history in detail
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