CHAPTER 2:  THE OFFICIAL  “SES-QUI-CEN-TEN-NI-AL”  BEGINNING
“Off To The Races—1855-1870”

1854—The Kansas Nebraska Act was passed by the United States Congress. This act changed everything! The Kansas-
Nebraska Bill was passed by the U.S. Congress in May 1854 creating a territory on its way to statehood. During the
ensuing seven-year drama, "Bleeding Kansas" drew national attention while the issue of slavery was debated and the
native populations were dispersed. In 1861 Kansas was admitted as the 34th state in the Union leading to the
outbreak of Civil War.
 
Kansas was made officially a United States Territory by the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854. . . The early settler often
selected a spot for his home near a timbered stream, where he could cut logs. Homes were made from the earth and
were called dugouts. They were rectangular holes cut in the side of a bank of suitable size and depth, roofed with
poles over which were heaped cornstalks and dried grasses, and then topped with strips of sod. They were warm, dry
and windproof. Walls were plastered with a mixture of clay and sand. Later, homes were made of squares of sod, of
convenient size for handling like bricks. Such houses stood for 35 or 40 years. Schools were also made like this. Claims
were fenced with stone, or Osage orange hedge planted. Game was abundant. Fruits and meats were dried. Milk and
butter kept in the spring or hung in the well. . . . --Historic Johnson County, by Elizabeth E. Barnes, 1969.

1855—The election of March 30, 1855 to fulfill the Congressional Act of 1854 to organize the Territories of Nebraska
and Kansas took place in 18 districts across the Territory of Kansas. The Fifth District was divided into four voting
precincts:  Bull Creek, Pottawatomie, Big Sugar, and Little Sugar. “Bull Creek Precinct—Commencing in the Osage (or
Marais des Cygnes) river, opposite the termination of the dividing ridge between Pottawatomie and Middle Creek;
thence by an easterly line, running north of all the settlements on the waters of North Sugar Creek to the Missouri
State line; thence up said line between the fourth and fifth districts; thence east along said line to the line between the
Peoria and Ottawa reservations; thence south along the same to the Osage river, and down said river to the place of
beginning.”

1855--It was not until the First Territorial Legislature met at Lecompton that Paola officially became a location on a
map—at least a map developed by a government entity. Records of the First Territorial Legislature show that an act
had passed “The Council” on August 20 and on August 23 passed the House of Representatives. These two events
and the signing of the Act by acting governor Daniel Woodson approving it on August 29, incorporated the Town of
Paola (Paoli). Paola, K.T. (not Kansas yet!) was born!--Official Records of the 1855 Kansas Territorial Assembly, KSHS,
Topeka, Kansas.
             
1855—In this same year an election was held to determine whether Paola or Osawatomie would become the official
county seat. After counting the ballots, Paola was victorious.-—Cradleland
 
1855--Cyrus Shaw operated the first stage line from Kansas City to Paola to Osawatomie to Ft. Scott. Later, it moved
west to include Olathe and Spring Hill.--Cradleland
 
1855--A stage coach repair shop was located where the Vassar Hotel was.--Cradleland.

1855--The town of Paola was laid out in the spring of 1855, and incorporated by the Legislature during the session of
that year, its limits comprising all that tract of country "set forth and defined in the plat of said town". The Paola Town
Company was incorporated about the same time, the cooperators being Baptiste Peoria, Isaac Jacobs, A. M. Coffey and
David Lykins. This company was authorized to acquire title to by any quantity of land not exceeding 600 acres. The
Board of Trustees appointed consisted of William A. Heiskell, Isaac Jacobs, William H. Lebow, B. P. Campbell and Peter
Potts. The streets were laid out at an angle with the points of the compass, of eleven and one-half degrees to the east
of north, south of east, etc., and all those streets running nearly east and west named after various tribes of Indians
having reservations in the part of the Territory. The corporators, after organizing and acquiring title to about 400 acres
of land, fixed the value of the land, assets, rights, credits, and effects at $36,000 and divided the same into seventy-
two shares, of which Baptiste Peoria, William G. Krutz, T. J. Anderson and W. R. Wagstaff each held twelve shares and
William E. Ide, A. J. Shannon and Ezra T. Nye each held six.--William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas.

1855--- Baptiste Peoria donated five (5) lots for a church and five (5) acres east of town for a cemetery. In 1859 the
Catholics begin to build a stone church . . . .”the Civil War interfered with all religious affairs and it was not completed
until 1863. . .--Mrs. James S. Neylon, Miami Republican, August 5, 1932.
 
1855-—Knowles and Cyrus Shaw just north of the Haughey Hack Line – (North of Wilson’s) operated the Shaw
Brothers store.—Ethyl Hunt Collection.

1855--The so-called "tar springs" and "oil springs" which led to the idea that oil existed in paying quantities, were
known to the Indians from time immemorial and to the white men as early as 1855. One of the most noted of these
was the Wea Tar Spring. Mention is made of these springs in The Herald of Freedom of March 31, 1855, and July 25,
1857. The first prospecting was done in 1860 by G. W. Brown. A company was formed at Lawrence of which Erastus
Heath, Maltravis Solomon, Dr. Barker, Seth Clover, W. R. Wagstaff, G. W. Miller and Dr. Lykins were members, and G. W.
Brown was president and manager. Thirty-year leases were obtained on thirty thousand acres of land, and the drilling
was begun in June. The wells were sunk in the vicinity of springs where the oil had been escaping for centuries and no
longer existed in paying quantities. After sinking three or four wells near Paola the work was laid by for the winter, and
before it was resumed the Civil War came on, and nothing more was attempted for twenty years. In the meantime the
oil from the springs which was of a very heavy variety was sold for wagon grease and sometimes used for medicinal
purposes.
 
1855—In September, 1855, The St. Louis Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South sent several young
preachers to organize missions among the white settlements in Kansas, among them Cyrus Robert Rice……He traveled
horseback and on the day after leaving Springfield, Missouri, he found himself among Indians naked to the waist but
who greeted him in a friendly way and directed him to the “double log cabin of Chief Baptiste near where the town of
Paola now is. He had his first night on a bed of buffalo robes and the next day went to the settlement called
Osawatomie on the Marais des Cygnes River where he met Rev. Samuel L. Adair, who told him plainly that they did not
want a representative of the slave interests there. . . .”--William Ansel Mitchell’s Story of Linn County—Reprint The
Western Spirit, August 21, 1931.
       
1857---Paola Town Company has a house built for their first “city hall” on north side square where Coker’s Store was
located.—Ethyl Hunt Collection.

1857--In June, 1857, Baptiste Peoria was elected President of the Paola Town Company and A. J. Shannon Agent and
Secretary. On the 29th of June, 1858, Baptiste Peoria was re-elected President, Allen T. Ward, Treasurer, and W. R.
Wagstaff Agent and Secretary. From this time until after the expiration of limitation of the Charter of the Paola Town
Company, granted in 1855 and continuing ten years, no further meeting of the Company was held, and no other
officers chosen during its corporate existence. Allen T. Ward, Treasurer died in June, 1862, and the vacancy caused by
his death was not filled. Under the law applicable to the dissolution of corporations, W. R. Wagstaff, as Agent and
Secretary, became Trustee, with full power to settle its affairs. He continues to manage its affairs until its property was
finally disposed of.--William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas.
 
1857-—William C. Quantrill paid $2.25 an acre for land near Stanton (Sect. 21, Township 17, Range 21 at the public
land sale at Paola on June 29, 1857.-–Quantrill and the Border War, by William Connelly, 1910.
 
1857--“The first school taught by a white person in this county was taught by Mrs. Malona Williams, who later became
Mrs. Cyrus Shaw. It was a subscription school, which was begun in the fall of 1857 and continued for a term of three
months. The tuition rates were $3.00 for each pupil and the school numbered twenty-five. It was held in a little frame
building, then standing on the ground occupied by one of the Condon buildings, in Paola, Kansas. As nearly as Mrs.
Shaw can remember, this building was where the Henson-Woodman Hardware Company’s storeroom faces the east,
just north of and adjoining The Investor’s Company office, opposite the post office. It was a one story, board structure,
about twenty feet square with three windows and a door.” (114 South Pearl near the location of Achey Insurance)
 
“….in the Southern Methodist Church, which at that time stood on lot 1, block 37, but was moved later to the south end
of lot 1, block 35”…"some Indians attended, among which were Dan and Jim Eddy and Mark Pascol. The latter was a
grandson of Baptiste Peoria, the chief.”
 
Mrs. Williams later taught at a school near Spring Hill in 1858.--“Miami County School History” by B. J. Sheridan, June 30,
1911, (Collection of newspaper articles at the Swan River Museum in Paola.)

1857—Lykins County (Kansas Territory) had a population of 1,352.—B.J. Sheridan writings.

1858—W. R. Wagstaff, on behalf of the Paola Town Company, offered to donate to the county 150 lots within the town
site. The proceeds from the sale of these lots would be to help finance the county government. They were deeded from
the city to the county and then from the county to private citizens when sold. The money went into the treasury of
Lykins County.—Miami County Register of Deeds and “The Western Spirit”, Feb. 2, 1900.

1858--Early in August, 1858, the Osawatomie people presented a petition for a vote to permanently locate the County
Seat in accordance with the provision of the law of 1858, which said, "When the County Seat of any county has not
been located by a vote of the electors of the county and county buildings have not been erected, the Board of Co.
Commissioners upon the petition of a majority of the legal electors of the county shall order an election for the location
or removal of such county seat." The County Seat had never been located in Paola, that is, by a vote of the electors.
Some of the earliest settlers remember the submitting of this important question to the Paola Board as causing much
agitation among the Paola people. The Board of Supervision ordered an election for the permanent location of the
County Seat to be held on the same day as the general election and from that time on party lines was abolished. The
Paola people worked like beavers. It was said at the time that they personally visited every legal voter in the county.
For ten days before the election it was believed that Paola would win if the voters could be persuaded to go to the
polls; hence every effort and inducement was used to get all voters friendly to Paola to the voting places. The county
was divided into small districts and three men constituted a committee to get every voter of every district to the
respective polls. The returns showed that Paola had won by a majority of 90 votes. A contest was threatened based
upon some illegal Indian votes. But after examination it was found that Paola would still have a majority of 48 votes.
The result of that election was of great importance to Paola. It created a belief among those who wanted to live and
build at the County Seat that the town was sure to remain as such. The only evidence now existing that Paola is the
County Seat is to be found in the act of 1855 establishing it as the permanent Seat of Justice. The petition upon which
the Board of Supervision ordered the election has disappeared. The journal of the Board does not contain the order of
the election. No record of the canvass of the vote seems to exist. The County Seat still rests on an act of the Bogus
Legislature.--Miss Ethel Wise, June 11, 1918.

1858-—The City Park was donated by Baptiste Peoria . . . .with the provision that no building should ever be placed
there . . . .in early days, it was an open common where the Indians ran horse races and indulged in war dances.--Ethyl
Hunt Collection.
 
1858—-The first brick building in Paola was the one story building used as a saloon. It was built by Thomas Hill and
Hemphill Wilson . . . . . later it was Rex Kaiser’s barber shop . . . .---Ethyl Hunt Collection.
 
1858--A man named Totten built the first house in the city of Paola. (Others had been built prior to Paola being a city
that was recognized by the Kansas Territory Legislature) It was later taken by the United States Government for
military purposes. It became the officer’s headquarters during the Civil War when many soldiers were assigned to Post
(Fort) Paola.—-History of Our Cradleland, By Reverend Thomas H. Kinsella, LL. D.
       
1858-—A Lockup Pound and Morgue were located at present City Hall--Ethel Hunt Collection.

1858--Six Irish families traveling from Indiana settled between Paola and Osawatomie. Upon learning of the settlers,
Father Paul Ponziglione paid them a visit and celebrated Mass in one of their homes. In December of 1858, Father Ivo
Schacht visited the settlement and took over its spiritual needs. Construction of a church in Paola began in 1858, but
crop failures, drought, and the start of the Civil War halted the effort. The church was finally complete in 1865, but by
1877 it began to crumble. Faced with a deteriorating church, the parish started constructing a new one in 1880. In
1902 a school was built. The following year the Ursuline Sisters took charge of the school. On Jan. 14, 1906, the church
was destroyed by a fire of unknown origin. By the next year a new church had risen in its place. In 1959, the old school
was replaced by a new one. In 1999, the parish completed a major renovation of the interior of the church.—“The
Leaven”, Official Newspaper of the Archdiocese of Kansas City in Kansas, Online Ed.

1859—-“Father took me to two places of important events the next spring, or summer—a government distribution of
money to the Indians, at Miami Mission, and to the capital of the Territory, Lecompton. The coin: gold and silver, was
hauled to Miami Mission. . .Mounted soldiers rode in front, behind, and to the sides of the wagon, which drew up at the
big house, in which were government officials, and Baptiste Peoria (Major Bateese), with his sectary and interpreter,
who put the coins in little piles on a table, and then into small sacks. Each Indian stepped forward when called, and
with another or a white man who counted the money and handed it back to the person called. This took an hour or
more. Tents and sheeted wagons were all around the place, many peddlers were there with gewgaws, ribbons, silks,
dresses and shawls that reflected all the colors of the rainbow, which they sold to the Indians. There were pony
races, and, off from the main places, were dice games and card playing, and drinking. . .—B. J. Sheridan,

1859--“Abilard Ayres whom I mentioned, had come from Beaver, Pennsylvania….was bound for Paola we were….had
attended the 1857 Kansas land sales in Paola. . .bought a tract, about seven miles north of Paola….to prepare the new
home for the Ayres family. . . . .
 
On the levee at the north end of Main Street, of what is now Kansas City, Mo., a horse team and an ox team were
engaged to haul the Sheridan’s, with the Ayres, and their belongings to Paola—nine persons including the drivers.”
 
“not another stop was made till the General Clover house, in Paola, was reached. . . .The Indian Agency headquarters,
a large log house of five rooms, stood where now is the home of Drew McLaughlin, on North Pearl Street northwest of
what later was known as “The Mitchler Springs,” now the W. H. Moorehouse property. The next day I went “down
town.”  There were only two little shanties between Clover’s place and the five or six frame shacks on the north and
east side of what is today Park Square. Indians, saddle horses, oxen hitched to b big covered wagons, and a few white
men, were in sight, but not a white woman. Half way back to the log house, on the hill, father met me and gave me a
swipe with a rod, for leaving without permission.
 
“The following day I stayed in until father told me I could accompany him and Suttons. Clover and the General’s son. To
Miami Mission, a little village of mostly Indians, ‘near the east bank of the Marais des Cygnes River, about 11 miles
southeast of Paola. The trip was made in a spring wagon, hauled by mules, and Wea Creek was forded close to the
Baptist Mission, later the Robert McGrath homestead . . . at the mission village, father met some men from whom he
bought a “land warrant,” which was, by law of congress, passed in 1854, a special grant to a soldier. ….Osage
township, the southeast quarter of Section 28-18-23 . . .–B. J. Sheridan’s Collection, Stories of a Kansas, 1030-31, The
Western Spirit.

INSERT PICTURE OF GENERAL SETH CLOVER, INDIAN AGENT—1-11
 
1860--In 1860, under special charter from the legislature, Paola was organized as a city of the third class. This form of
government was continued until 1862, when it was organized as a city of the second class. Kansas: a cyclopedia of
state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc.--by Frank W.
Blackmar
 
1860—“In March I saw the first great fire. There has been neither rain nor snow for two months, and the prairie was a
tinder box. Fire seemed to start on both sides of the Marais des Cygnes, and every settler must have set in to back
fire. It looked like the world was burning up. . . . I saw the outlines of The Miami Mission buildings, apparently burning….’
Thousands of trees on the river bluffs were charred,…north of “Taylor Crossing,” . . .was about ten square miles south,
west, and east of what is now Henson Station, on the Frisco railway, some five miles south of Paola.”  -–B. J. Sheridan’s
Collection, Stories of a Kansas, 1030-31, The Western Spirit.
 
1860--If I went West, I think I would go to Kansas.--Abraham Lincoln.

1860—-A great drought struck the area! Did not rain for more than 16 months.--Historic Johnson County by Elizabeth
Barnes.

1860--“It was the year of drought in Kansas Territory, and river wash days were in order, because only the pools in the
beds of large streams afforded water for livestock and for the family washings. From Council Grove….to Oswego, and
from Pomona to Trading Post, . . . settlers could be seen, in the later part of the summer, slowly winding their way,
behind ox-teams to the river pools, with wagons loaded with cooking utensils, meal, sorghum, chickens in coops,
and the scant supplies of wearing apparel and bedding. . . . .Beginning with mid-summer of 1860, Lykins, (now Miami)
county, became very dry, and Osage township was the driest, except for the pools of the deep river…nearly all of the
country west of Lykins county was a parched plain. . . --“Weekly Critic” by B.J. Sheridan, Miami Republication, July 9,
1926.

1860--Just north of Wilson’s Funeral Home was a stagecoach stop. The area was Paola’s first waterworks. Many hauled
water from this spring including the Civil War period of 1961-1965--Ethel Hunt Collection of Newspaper Accounts.

1860--A Baptist Church was built on East Peoria, east of the library.--Ethel Hunt Collection.


PAOLA GEARS UP FOR THE CIVIL WAR
It All Started With A Bullet And A Map!!

Hanging on a wall in the Swan River Museum is a black and white map of Paola from the 1860’s which was presented
to the museum by the Nichol’s family of Paola. Because maps of this type would lack detail when reproduced in our
book, we choose not to publish it. It is an awesome Civil War map of the town with the names of the officers who were
in Paola at that time, written on it.

Also, in my room is an old lead bullet that was found at the school yard near North School. Further investigation
resulted in the following:  The map was military map showing the town and various sites within the town including the
Fort near the present water tower.

The old lead bullet was determined to be one from the Civil War period when Union troops were stationed in Paola for
a period from 1861 to 1865.  (Ed Belsanti, in the summer of 2004, also found a civil war bullet near North School!)

From this time on, the race begin to find more information concerning Paola and the Civil war. More will be found, but
time is running out for our book. However, we believe that the information contained here, will open our eyes to the
fact that Paola was a major player in the Civil War on the western border!—Phil Reaka

1861--1865—During this period of time, the nation was involved with the bloodiest war it has ever experienced. The
Civil War involved Paola much more than most people realize.—Phil Reaka  
 
1861-—Located at 210 North Pearl was a home taken over by the U. S. Government for military purposes. The Union
Officer’s headquarters at 209 North Pearl was just across the street…a rooming and eating house. This house is the
home of the Tom Beener family.--Ethel Hunt Collection

1861--When the Civil War broke out some men from Ottumwa joined the first units, one was Lane's Brigade, formed in
1861 and later mustered into the 9th Kansas Cavalry. Some men joined Harrison Kelly's 5th Kansas Cavalry, as Kelly
was a local well known and prominent Ottumwa leader. Still other's traveled to Paola and Osawatomie to enlist.--
http://members.aol.com/ciiisiii/kansaspage/lane.htm.
           
1861—“About this time, General James H. Lane held a review of troops in the open space before the school, and a
number of boys left and enlisted.” This account happened in a school yard in Osawatomie, but General Lane recruited
troops for the Civil War in Paola as well.--B. J. Sheridan, Miami County School History, 1911.
 
1861—The War of the Rebellion officially begins, although Kansans have known for years that it had been in a “civil war
struggle” way before the first shots were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.—Phil Reaka.
 
PAOLA,  K.T.  AND  WILLIAM  QUANTRILL:  A  PERFECT  MATCH??
“We Were Somewhat To Blame For His Kansas Presence!!”
 
1857--William C. Quantrill arrives in 1857—already bitter young man who hated John Brown--was brought here from
Ohio by Col. H. Torrey (the man who began one of Paola’s first hotels on the northwest part of square. Also, the H. V.
Beeson family were friends of the Quantrills and the Torreys and all were part of this exodus to Paola. (Quantrill, as
hard as it is to believe, briefly was a teacher in Stanton, Kansas Territory in 1857-58.) History will later tell the rest of
this story.— Quantrill and the Border War, by William Connelly, 1910.

1857-—William C. Quantrill paid $2.25 an acre for land near Stanton (Sect. 21, Township 17, Range 21 at the public
land sale at Paola on June 29, 1857.—Connelly.

1857—Samuel D. Irwin was the county superintendent (public education administrator), living in Paola,  examined
Quantrill’s papers to check his qualifications before he was permitted to teach school in Stanton, K. T. Samuel Irwin,
also, surveyed the town lots in town and then named the streets. He was also a member of the Paola Home Guard
under Major Ben F. Simpson.-–Ethyl Hunt Collection of Writings.

1861—Quantrill was arrested in Stanton for his earlier crimes at Lawrence. With many threats on his life, he was taken
in protective custody by W. L. Potter of Paola where he was held under arrest at Stanton and hurried to Paola. In
Paola, he was now among friends who at that time sympathized with him and his position on the slavery issue.
Remember, he was considered one of the “border ruffians” and Paola was a border ruffian town. He feasted at the
Torrey Hotel until night, when he was escorted to the jail house and was secretly given a heavy duty revolver for
his own protection. When he was arrested he was assured that he would be protected by the sheriff while confined
here.

After a few days jail time in protective custody, a "writ of habeas corpus” was issued, and Judge Roberts gave him his
liberty. A banquet was thrown by Col. Torrey at his hotel. Afterwards Quantrill head to Missouri to continue his
plundering and planning his; forthcoming “sack” on Lawrence.—Connelly.
 
1863-—“the people talked constantly of the Civil War, and the dreaded Quantrill Band” . . . .”All the soldiers had gone
into barracks at Paola. One day news came of Quant ell’s threat to destroy Lawrence” . . .”our most prized things were
carried out and hid every night (near Marysville to the northwest of town) She (mom) heard their wagons”…”knew they
were moving on and not burn our homes.”…”He left behind what we called Quantrill’s trail”….”and many times we
crossed it on our trips to Paola.—Mrs. James S. Neylon, “A Story About Paola”, Miami Republican, August 5, 1932.

1863--Alert at Post Paola of the Quantrill gang heading this way after sacking Lawrence. (August 20, 1863)  He came
as close as Bull Creek and then changed course after encountering Union soldiers from Paola who were put on alert.—
Connelly.

MORE OF PAOLA AND THE CIVIL WAR

1861---Pat Devlin, the originator of the term "jayhawking" was killed in the fall of 1860, in Aurora, Col. and it is a
remarkable coincidence that "Marshall Cleveland," the last and by no means should the least of the “jayhawkers” have
been killed on almost the exact spot where the name originated. Marshall Cleveland was known at different times by
different aliases. His real name was Metz, and he came to Kansas from Ohio. He was a man of commanding stature, tall
and muscular, and brave to a fault. He first made his appearance on the border in 1861, as one of Jennison's
jayhawkers. On the 14th of October, he was mustered in as Captain of Company H, Seventh Cavalry, but unable to
bear the restraints of army life, he resigned his commission November 1st. Gathering about him a number of men of his
own class, he commenced a course of robbery and plunder in the name of "Liberty." Having stolen $125 from H. L.
Lyons and considerable property from Joseph and John Beets, himself and two of his confederates, named respectively
"Buckskin" and "Rabbit Ear" were indicted for robbery at the March term of the district court. A State warrant was
issued for Cleveland, and the sheriff made several ineffectual attempts to arrest him. He laughed at the civil authorities
and defied the military. He was declared an outlaw and Capt. H. S. Greeno, Company C, Sixth Kansas Cavalry, in
command at Paola, sent out two soldiers in citizens' clothing, to ascertain his whereabouts. On the 10th of May they
found him at the Geer Hotel in Osawatomie. On the same day the Sheriff attempted to arrest him, but failed to procure
a posse equal to the task. Capt. Greeno proceeded to Osawatomie in the night. Approaching the town he picketed the
roads with a portion of his forces under Sergeant Morris. As daylight approached Sergeant Morris drew in his men,
surrounded the Geer Hotel, and before Capt. Greeno reached the hotel, had received Cleveland's surrender. Cleveland
being allowed to dress and come out of the house, sprang upon his horse, which some friend had brought him, broke
through the guards and dashed off in the direction of the Pottawatomie, followed by the whole command. Capt Greeno
and Private John Johnson, being finely mounted, rapidly gained upon the outlaw, and when within range were fired
upon by him several times. On arriving at the bank of the creek he dismounted and ran down the steep bank. Johnson
also dismounted and approaching the bank, fired a fatal shot at Cleveland from above. He was buried in the
Osawatomie cemetery and some time afterwards his "wife" caused to be erected at the head of his grave a monument
bearing the following inscription: Marshall Cleveland,  May 11, 1862, Earth counts a mortal less, Heaven an angel
more—KSHS

1862—In august of 1862, Jim Lane, Senator and General of the Kansas State Militia, went about the task of recruiting
Blacks for the Union Army with fanatical zeal. Many of his first recruits were from the Leavenworth area but recruiting
spread in earnest to cities like Wyandotte, Lawrence, Paola, Ft. Scott and Sac and Fox Agency. Indians as well as
Blacks were recruited to fight together under one flag.—“The First Kansas Colored Infantry Regiment”, by Eric
Kirkwood.
 
1862—William “Bill” Gordon was a slave in Virginia and had been sold several times before making it to Paola and
becoming a “free man.”  After coming to Paola in 1862, he enlisted in the Union forces at Paola. He was a member of
Company E, 79th Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops during the Civil War. He fought in the Battles of Cabin Creek, Honey
Springs, Sherwood Missouri, and Poison Springs Arkansas. — Bill was discharged in 1865 and returned to Paola
where he became a grave digger “Sexon” of the Paola Cemetery for 31 years. This makes his employment the longest
in Paola history. -- Miami Republican, December 20, 1912.  

1862—In 1903, Henry Lyder while plowing last week for his father, A. M. Lyder, on the east side of John Brown’s
lookout, southeast of town, plowed up a small shell that was likely fired there during the early 60’s when there was a
fort on the hill where Mrs. T. K. Clifton’s residence is now located. A small steel cannon was brought here by Jim Lane
and the soldier boys had target practice from the fort to the John Brown lookout.—Miami Republican, September 11,
1903.

1862—“Then came the exciting times when the soldiers were constantly moving in their snow-white covered wagons.
Many times a train of these wagons camped on the hills just east of our village. (Marysville) After they gone all of the
children would go out to find what they had left behind. Some found pocket knives, purses, tobacco, pans, tin cups, and
skillets. Some found money, but all I could see was the decks of cards they had scattered to the winds”….”I can home
with my arms filled with these cards. There were” . . . .”years of war after that. One spring morning a man on a large
beautiful gray horse came riding through the town, stopping at every house. He was an officer from the barracks at
Paola. He said that President Lincoln had been shot and requested that mourning should hang from every house for
thirty days.”. . . “Mother went to the store and bought a width of black calico,”. . .”sewed it around a staff and nailed it
to the window where it hung for thirty days for Mr. Lincoln.”….”Our folks lost no time moving to Paola. Father went into
the grocery business in a frame building that stood on the corner where the new beautiful Miami County National Bank
now is being built. Our house was on the lot where the Commercial Hotel now stands, and on the corner where the city
hall stands, was the home of Mr. Baptiste Peoria” . . .”and his wife. The Miami Indians were here. They were smaller
Indians and a little darker in color. They owned nearly all of those lovely farms in Miami County.”-—Mrs. James S.
Neylon, “A Story Presented by her.”   


                             Men Killed serving Kansas--1861-1865
* Killed in Action: 24 Officers.494 Men.
* Died of Wounds Received in Action: 7 Officers. 181 Men
* Died from Disease: 27 Officers. 1611 Men
* Died of Disease in Confederate Prisons: 36 Prisoners
* Died of Accidents Except Drowning: 2 Officers. 66 Men
* Died of Drowning: 36 Men
* Murdered: 1 Officer. 7 Men
* Killed After Capture: 11 Prisoners
* Committed Suicide: 3 Men
* Military Execution: 4 Men
* Executed By Enemy: 2 Prisoners
* Died of Sunstroke: 1 Man
* Died of Causes Known but not classified: 6 Men
* Died of Causes Not Stated: 5 Prisoners. 53 Men.
* Total: 2,544 Men
--*Regimental Losses in American Civil War 1861-1865, Fox, William Freeman 1840-1909,
Albany Pub. Co. Published in 1889.
 
1862--The Twelfth Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry (Company C) was raised in response to a call of the President
of the United States, dated July, 1862, for 300,000 volunteers for "three years, unless sooner discharged."  This
company was organized and mustered into service at Paola in September 26, 1862, chased after Quantrill in 1863,
chased after General Shelby later in 1863, and later fought General Price in Arkansas with several killed at Jenkin’s
Ferry. Nick L. Beuter from Paola was Captain of this fighting unit.—Framed Memorial Certificated Donated by Nick
Quimby and wife Sarah, Swan River Museum, Paola, Kansas.

1862--The quota of Kansas under this call was three regiments of infantry. Hon. James H. Lane, then U.S. Senator from
Kansas, was authorized by the War Department to raise this quota of troops, and under certain restrictions, to officer
the same when mustered into the United States service, thereby taking from the Governor of the State the right to
commission the officers, and ignoring his authority.
 
In the month of August, 1862, Charles W. Adams, of Lawrence, was authorized to recruit a regiment of cavalry in the
counties of Wyandotte, Johnson, Douglas, Miami, and Franklin, Coffey, Allen, Linn and Bourbon. Within six weeks after
the authority for recruiting was given, the regiment had more than the minimum number of men in readiness to take
the field. The regiment rendezvoused and was mustered into service at Paola, Kansas, in the month of September,
1862.
  
On the 7th day of September, 1862, while Co. H was being recruited in Johnson County, Quantrell's guerilla band
surprised the town of Olathe, sacked the place, and murdered five unarmed men of that company.
 
In the month of October, Cos. A and I were ordered to the town of Olathe, Kansas, and Cos. G and K were ordered to
Mound City, Kansas.
 
The regiment was divided and detachments stationed at different points along the line between Kansas and Missouri,
as follows: Paola, Olathe, Wyandotte, Shawnee, Mound City, Trading Post, Fort Scott, Leavenworth and Fort Riley,
performing various kinds of service, mainly escorting forage trains, and occasionally pursuing guerrilla bands, which so
numerously infested the borders. One company - H - was stationed at Fort Larned, Kansas. These posts were guarded
by the 12th Regiment alternately, and also occupying Kansas City, Westport and Hickman's Mills, Mo., constantly
scouting and marching from place to place, collecting forage and protecting the loyal people on the border of Missouri
and the whole State of Kansas from the ravages of merciless bushwhackers and thieves.--Franklin County, Kansas
Genealogical Society, Ottawa, Kansas.

1862-—Chief Baptiste Peoria was appointed by the U.S. Government to interview Indians of the Indian Territory west of
Missouri and Arkansas to ascertain their loyalty to the government. A letter of appointment came to “Major Peoria” from
the government in 1864, commissioning him “chief of scouts for Headquarters Army Post, Paola, Kan.”   His duty was to
scout part of the Missouri border…..He had “power of attorney” for Miami Indians many times.--Tulsa Sunday World,
October 22, 1967.

1863—October 6, Quantrill struck at Baxter Springs, Kan., killing 90 of 100 soldiers, including the members of Major Gen.
James G. Blunt’s band. Blunt escaped. There is a picture of a civil war band that was taken on the streets of Paola in
1864 with General Blunt. Blunt was in charge of Post Paola at that time. This photo was probably taken after that
disastrous event at Baxter Springs.—KSHS.

1863—A man who would later be a part of Paola’s economic growth, W. G. Rainey, served as captain of the Co. B., 2nd
Bat. 1st Provisional Regiment of the Kansas State Militia mustered in service in Paola during 1863. Capt. Rainey later
built the Rainey Building on the southwest corner of the square.—Muster Role, Swan River Museum, Paola, Kansas.

1863—Because of the increased threat from an invasion by the Confederates by way of Missouri, a telegraph line was
constructed from Kansas City to Ft. Scott for faster communications. This proved to be important later when Price and
his troops headed for Kansas and later fought at the Battle of Mine Creek near Pleasanton in October 25, 1864.
(November 28, 1863.)—Wiley Britten.

1864--General Curtis finally determined to issue the necessary proclamation, and that evening, under orders from him,
I left Leavenworth for Paola to relieve Major General Sykes of the command of the District of South Kansas. Riding all
night I reached Olathe early the next morning, when I assumed command by telegraph and directed all troops in the
district to concentrate as rapidly as possible at Paola, at which place I arrived that evening. Early on the morning of the
13th with such regular troops and militia as had arrived; I left Paola for Hickman's Mills, in Jackson County, Missouri,
arriving there on the following morning. The same evening other troops arrived, and the force then under my immediate
command was the 11th, 15th, and detachments of the 5th, 16th and 14th Kansas (cavalry), a portion of the 3d Wis.
cavalry, 1st Colorado, and section of 2d Kansas battery and eight twelve-pound mountain howitzers with the addition
of the 5th, 6th and 10th regiments of Kansas state militia.—Portion of Gen. Blunt’s Writings Preparing for the Battle of
Westport.

1864—Thomas Moonlight played a major part in the defense of Kansas during Price’s invasion. A report begins with this
heading: “COL. MOONLIGHT'S REPORT OF THE PART TAKEN BY THE 11TH KANSAS CAVALRY IN THE CAMPAIGN OF 1864
AGAINST THE REBEL GENERAL PRICE”  Headquarters 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Border, Paola, Kas., December
15, 1864.—KSHS.

1864—Many schools were closed during this year because of the threat of an invasion by Confederate troops from the
Missouri area.—B. J. Sheridan collection of writings.   

1865—The following are inspection reports of John J. Sutter who was a captain in the Union military. He was appointed
assistant inspector of artillery in the Department of Missouri in 1865. He inspected men, horses, and equipment of
various batteries including Ft. Leavenworth, Paola, and Ft. Scott. July 16, 1865.
 
“Remarks:  This battery is camped on the north side of Bull Creek about a mile north of Paola Hdqtrs. This camp is badly
located, stumps in park and camp not cut down, making it nearly impossible to drill   the Manual of the Piece and very
difficult to move the battery out of park, stables, and quarters of men, leaking very badly, being covered with dirt and
hay, the horses are in   exalent (sic) condition being well cared for. There are four officers of the Battery absent
from it. Co. on various duties making the duty devolving upon the Lieut. ------very hard.”--University of Missouri
Western Historical Manuscript Collection—Rolla, Missouri, John F. Bradbury, Jr., Senior Manuscript Specialist.  

1865—No photo has been discovered of the “Fort” on Tower Street; however, military inspector John Sutton did make a
“hand drawing” of the fort in his 1865 inspection report.—Courtesy of Mr. John F. Bradbury, Jr., Senior Manuscript
Specialist of The University of Missouri (Western Historical Manuscript Collection) at Rolla, Missouri.

LIFE CONTINUES FOLLOWING THE SURRENDER OF GENERAL LEE!
     
To the Senate Washington, D. C.  of the United States. March 7 1862.
I transmit, herewith, for the constitutional action of the Senate, thereon, a Treaty concluded at Paola, Kansas, on the
18th day of August 1860, between Seth Clover, Commissioner, on the part of the United States, and the delegates of
the united tribes of Kaskaskias and Peoria Piankeshaw and Wea Indians. I also transmit a communication, of the
Secretary of the Interior, of the 6th instant and accompanying papers from the Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs in
relation to the subject.ABRAHAM LINCOLNAnnotation
[1]   DS, DNA RG 46, Senate 37B C5. The treaty was amended and ratified by the Senate, February 12, 1863.

1862—The Wakefield Building sometimes known as the Union Hall was used for courthouse purposes before the Rainey
building is built there in 1869.--Ethel Hunt Collection.
 
1863—The “Family Grocery” was located near where the Swan River Museum was located on the north side of square
123 years later.--Ethyl Hunt Collection.

1863—Selection of criminal cases:
 
Case 43 charged Hiram Crider with having a saloon in a two-story frame house on east side of public square, and
selling liquor to an Indian—Edwin Dagnette, Wea Tribe, Jan. 1.

Case 44 charged Jacob Moke with selling liquor to Indians on December 20, 1862, in a one-story frame house, situated
on south side of Public Square, by the name of Noel Dagnette, Wea Tribe.

Case 45, charged John Townsend, operator of the Gem Saloon, a one-story frame house on east side of Public Square,
selling liquor to Antonio Cott, Wea Indian.

Additional case involved a distillery operating in banks of Bull Creek one mile west of Paola.--Ethel Hunt Collection

1865—“The first building for graded schools in Miami County was erected in 1865. At that time this district, No. 21 was
governed by three directors and Ezra Robinson was chairman.”  The new brick school house was located south side
square which was later used as a courthouse from 1873-1897. The superintendent was a Mr., A. A. Roberts. Mrs.
Brewer, one of the teachers at the school “was a sister of the late Judge David J. Brewer, of the U.S. Supreme Court….”
…B.J. Sheridan, op.cit.

1865—-A Methodist Church was built at approximately 112 S. Silver at a cost of $11,000.--Ethel Hunt Collection.

1866-—Churches in Paola in February, 1966, Baptist, fine large frame, no resident pastor. Methodist, brick, Rev. T. J.
Taylor, pastor. Catholic, stone, Rev. Father Watron, pastor, Presbyterians occupy the Fort hall, Rev. J. N. Rankin, pastor.
Congregational, no building, Rev. A. H. Johnson, pastor. Colored, frame, Rev. G. B. Price, pastor.--The Miami Republican,
February, 1966.
 
1866--1869--William Grove Rainey, a Captain in the Civil War, was sheriff and he died in 1877.--Ethyl Hunt Collection.
 
1867-—The Presbyterians held church in a room on the second floor of a building at Northeast corner of Square.--Ethel
Hunt Collection.
 
1867—-H. M. McLaughlin purchases the Old Civil War Military Barracks south of Stand Tower on North Oak Street for a
furniture factory.—Written document showing McLachlin’s indebtedness for this purchase, Swan River Museum.
       
1867—Paola had its own band called the “Paola Silver Cornet Band.”-–Miami Republican, Sept. 3.

1867—An advertisement by business owner Tom Hedges—Bourbon Whiskey @2.75/gal. Also, Joshua Clayton has two
mule teams used to transport cured meats, eggs, etc. to Kansas City—-The Paola Argus, 1867.

1867—Paint Hiner opened an elegant and tastefully decorated Oyster Saloon in the brick building upstairs on the north
side of the square. Oysters, fish, and game and all the delicacies of the season may be had there.--Ethyl Hunt
Collection.

1867—The “Old Stone House” in the east part of town known as the “Military Hospital” has been town down.—The
Miami Republican, July 4.

1867—Col. Jennison, the widely known jayhawker, was a guest of Johnson Clark last week.-—The Western Spirit, 1867.

1867—S. M. Larkins, who came here from Lawrence two years ago and took his first contract of building the Methodist
church of Paola, has opened up a new brickyard on Bull Creek bottom south of town. Mr. Larkins has already completed
the new school house, Pinneo’s brick corner, and Mrs. Baptiste’s building.-—The Western Spirit, 1867.

1867—We are a little skeptical about saying anything with regard to our hotels. The landlords are all right and the
buildings are all wrong. A man keeping a hotel in Paola at the present time must keep it like the Indiana tavern . . .
However, there is a prospect of a good hotel.. . . The present hotels are the Union House by L. C. Crittenden and the
Torrez House by Col. Torrey.-—The Republican, March 9, 1867.

1867—Captain Steve Quimby kindly loaned me a rare old copy of the Paola Argus of the date of January 5, 1867. It is
an eight column folio, subscription price two dollars a year and nearly all advertising.-—Paola Argus, January 5, 1867.

1867—On and after the 1st day of July the Paola post office will be found at the drug store of M. C. Wheeler on the
square. This portable institution has become a nuisance and the present postmaster is worse than the office.-—The
Miami Republican, June 29, 1867.

1867—Bob Lummis has established a ferry at the wire crossing on the Marais des Cygnes on the Fort Scott road. The
ferry saves over five miles of travel.-—The Miami Republican, June 29, 1867.

1867—The Paola Windmill will soon be in working order. The paddles or sails are constructed and the mill machinery is
being put together. (Look closely at the inside cover map!)-—The Maimi Republican, August 17, 1867.

1867-—A gay dance will come off on the evening of the Fourth in the lower room of the Mrs. Baptiste building. This will
insure a large crowd as the room is large enough for 50 couples.-—The Miami Republican, June 29, 1867.

1867--A gentleman informs us that in one day he counted 96 wagons loaded with merchandise purchased in Kansas
City passing to the south of us.-—The Miami Republican, July 13, 1867.

1867-—We were shown some gold that had been found on the farm of Dr. Robinson in Linn County on the Sugar Creek.
—-The Miami Republican, June 22, 1867.

1867-—The lower floor of the new school building in this city is being plastered and seated with the best modern seats.
The frame of the desk and seat is iron and arranged for seating two scholars to each seat and desk.-—The Miami
Republican, September 14, 1867.

1867-—We would call the attention of the city council to the number of stove pipes that are sticking through the roofs
of some of the houses in this place and the manner in which fire is scattered in the streets and alleys. If a fire would
break out in this place, owing to high winds and a scarcity of water, it would be impossible to check it before half the
town would be destroyed. A committee should be appointed to go around and inspect every chimney and stove pipe in
the place.--The Miami Republican, November 16, 1867.

1867-—B. Miller and Bro. are getting up a band wagon for the Paola band that will throw Yankee Robinson’s forty horse
chariot in the shade. When the wagon is completed the band will put on their uniforms and ride up to the state fair at
Lawrence and there carry off the palm for the best band in Kansas.-—The Miami Republican, August 24, 1867.

1867-—D. L. Perry of this place killed four wild turkeys at one shot on Wednesday last. Who can beat it?—-The Miami
Republican, August 24, 1867.        

1867-—Sixteen Negro families occupy the same tenant house a short distance east of the square.—The Miami
Republican, 1867.

1867-—April of this year Paola and eastern Kansas was hit by a 55 second earthquake with some damage to the area.
The building that located The Republican was badly damaged on one side!—-The Miami Republican, April 27, 1867.

1867-—We are a little skeptical about saying anything good about our hotels. However, there is a prospect of a good
hotel. The present hotels are the Union House by L.C. Crittenden and the Torrey House by Col. Torrey.-—The Miami
Republican, March 9, 1867.

1867-—Two braves of the Kaw persuasion visited Paola on Thursday. They were covered with war paint, heads shaved
on each side, leaving a streak of hair about an inch wide from the forehead to the back of the neck, leggings, blankets
and moccasins, a disgusting ugly sight.-—The Miami Republican, July 13, 1867.

1867-—We saw a specimen of “Young America” on the streets Christmas bare-footed, in his shirt sleeves, a cigar in his
mouth and a pack of firecrackers in his hand. He was a “gay little cuss” and enjoyed himself hugely.—-The Miami
Republican, December 28, 1867.
 
1867-—The Paola Base Ball club have received their bats and balls and selected grounds in the southwest part of
town. We expect our club like our band to eclipse anything in the state.—- The Miami Republican, August 31, 1867.

1867—Captain Huff and Captain Parish have opened the new livery stable on the north side of Park Square.—The
Western Spirit, 1867.

1867—Business Houses built in Paola in 1866:  Pinneo, Perkins & Fort, two story brick east side square; Mrs. Mary
Baptiste, two story brick north side; H.M. McClure, two story brick on south side; A. Wilgus & Co. south east corner
square; Crowell & Co., addition to dry goods store northeast corner square; B. Snyder, addition to building north side
square; Akers & Hillis, one story building north side square; T.J. Cummings, one story north side.—The Western Spirit,
March 9, 1867.1867—Col. McCaslin, one of our most respected and beloved citizens, has been presented by the
state of Virginia, a medal for his devotion and patriotism to the cause of liberty, having served with honor and
distinction as Colonel of the 15th regiment of West Virginia in infantry.—The Miami Republican, August 24, 1867.

1867—G. W. Quimby, the excellent drummer of the Paola Silver Cornet band, is no doubt entitled to a complimentary
notice for his energy and efficient services in bringing  about many of the ornamental and decorative trappings of the
band. A brave soldier of the gallant Eleventh Kansas, his heart is still fired with the patriotic sounds that rallied the
thousands to martial array.—October 5, 1867, The Miami Republican.

1867—The old Government blacksmith shop just east of the square has been remodeled and will hereafter be known
as “The Paola Furniture Store.” Heinreich & Jamison have moved their furniture there and in addition they have coffins
on hand.—October 12, 1867, The Miami Republican.

1867—The fence around the public square is in a dilapidated condition. Why don’t the “city fathers” have it fixed?  It is
a shame to have the trees destroyed that the city has been to such an expense to have planted.—November 16, 1867,
The Miami Republican.

1867—Our hotels are daily crowed with stranger; the trouble is that our hotels are not large enough to accommodate
all that stop in Paola. We need a good hotel in this place and we wonder that some of pour monied men don’t build
one. Mr. Dixon, of the Paola House, has been making some much needed in improvements by painting, papering, and
refurnishing. Mr. Swain, who recently tool charge of the Union Hotel, is remodeling and refurnishing the whole house.
However, neither hotel is large enough.—November 16, 1867, The Miami Republican.

1867—There are 250 scholars attending school in this place and 50 attending the colored school.—November 16, 1867,
The Miami Republican.
 
1867—The cold weather of the past week has in no way retarded immigration. Our streets, every day. are full of white-
topped wagons of immigration. With the opening of spring, many new houses will dot the prairies and many acres will
be upturned for the first time. Southern Kansas is the garden spot of the state.—December 21, 1867—The Miami
Republican.

1867—-The Paola Wind Mill is fast progressing to completion.-- The Miami Republican, October 19, 1867.

1867—A Post of the Grand Army of the Republic has been organized in his place and all who have worn the blue and
“kept step to the music of the Union “will have an opportunity to join this patriotic organization.—-The Miami
Republican, August 24, 1867.

1868--Travel through this place is immense. 80 wagons loaded with goods and agricultural implements passed through
in one day, to say nothing of immigration wagons.--The Miami Republican, 1868.

1868—“Between November 1868 and the middle of April, 1869, I saw as many as 2,000 prairie chickens in the fields,  . .
.3,000 ducks and geese in the ponds,  . . .near Yoncopin Lake, a small body of water that covers 125-20 acres, about
nine miles southeast of Paola.” . . .--B. J. Sheridan collection of writings, Miami Republican.

1868—The Lawrence stage now leaves at 2 a.m. returning at 9 p.m. This gives people an opportunity of remaining in
Lawrence 5 hours and returning home the same day.--The Miami Republican, February 15, 1868.

1868—Mr. (??) the gentleman who purchased 1400 acres of land from B. Peoria and Co., last fall, passed through here
Monday with a portable saw mill  which he is going to put on his land. The land lies in what is called Goodrick’s bend of
the Marais des Cygnes and is nearly all timber.—February 1, 1868, The Miami Republican.

1868—The Indians are preparing to leave the county and B. Peoria and Co. is selling their lands which are the finest in
the county. There is much immigration and real estate is much in demand.—February 1, 1868, The Miami Republican.

1868—Proposals for conveying the mail of the United States from July 1, 1868, to June 30, 1870, will be received at the
contract office of the post office. The route to be covered is from Paola to Rockville by way of Miami Village and New
Lancaster, a distance of 20 miles and back once a week.—February 8, 1868, The Miami Republican.
 
1868—Mr. Blakeway has commenced the erection of a fine brick business block on the west side of the square. It will
have a 50 foot front and be two stories high.—August 15, 1868, The Miami Republican.

1868—The county board made an appropriation of $200 for the constructing a good board fence around the public
square. This is something that is badly needed as the square was rapidly being destroyed.—September 12, 1868, The
Miami Republican.

1868—Major General James G. Blunt and other military personnel passed through here on their way to the Cherokee
nation accompanied by an escort of U.S. troops for the purpose of paying the Indians their annuities.—September 12,
1868, The Miami Republican.
 
1868—The last payment which will probably be made in this county to the confederated tribes of Peoria, Piankishaw,
Kaskaskia and Wea Indians, in their tribal capacity, was made this week. By early spring the remainder of these once
great and powerful tribes will have departed from here. The number of Indians receiving payments at this place was
323. Miami’s number 117 and the confederated band number 206.—December 5, 1868, The Miami Republican.
 
1868—Owing to the bad condition of the roads no stages or mails arrived from Sunday morning till noon on
Wednesday. Hurry up the railroad.—December 12, 1868, The Miami Republican.
 
1868—On Monday evening, Capt. McGill and family were seated around their fireside when a rap at the door was heard
and upon answering the summons were surprised to find a small boy, about 12 years of age standing there almost
frozen, who asked for shelter for the night. The youth said that he was from Linn County, was an orphan and had been
cruelly treated by the man with whom he had been living. He had walked that day a distance of 22 miles and it is a
wonder he was not frozen.--The Miami Republican, February 8, 1868.

1868—Some time since the city authorities turned over the public square to the county authorities with the
understanding that it was to be taken care of, put under a good fence and otherwise adorned. The reverse is the case.
The old fence has not been repaired and stock of all kinds is allowed to trespass ruining the grass and young trees.
The private citizens of Paola originally fenced and planted the forest trees in this public ground and they resent seeing
them destroyed.

We hear great complaint from the ladies because the sidewalks are not kept clear of a lot of loafing, idle men and boys,
black and white, who gather in crowds, and are scuffling and wrestling making it unsafe for a lady to walk the streets.
Obscene language and filthy oaths are prevalent.—The Miami Republican, October 10, 1868.

1868—The Paola House has been renovated and furnished with new beds and beddings. The stage and express office
are connected with the hotel and stages leave daily for all parts of the country. J. Dixon is the proprietor.-—The Miami
Republican, January 18, 1868.

1868—Paola has never been do gay as this winter. Balls, social parties, festivals, oyster suppers, and skating parties
are all the go and go it is. Paola is a gay place and we are a gay people.-—The Miami Republican, January 11, 1868.

1868—Our town was thrown into considerable excitement on Thursday last by the arrest of a prominent county official
of this county on the charge of forgery.—-The Miami Republican, February 4, 1868.

1868—There will be a meeting at 7:30 Saturday evening for the purpose of completing the organization of the Paola
baseball club.-—The Miami Republican, May 16, 1868.

1868—The laying of the cornerstone at the Osawatomie state asylum was postponed due to bad weather and will be
held next Tuesday without fail.—-The Miami Republican, May 16, 1868.

1868—George Sullivan of Marysville township, killed a catamount Friday which was over four feet long and weighed 70
pounds.—-The Miami Republican, August 22, 1868.

1868—The ferry boat at the wire crossing on the Marais des Cygnes was carried away by high water last Tuesday
evening.—-The Miami Republican, November 21, 1868.

1868—W. G. Krutz of Florence, Indiana, who is one of the original town proprietors is building a new hotel on the
northwest corner of the square. It is to be a 55 foot front by 70 feet deep, three stories high with a basement, a two
wing story 60 feet long.-—The Miami Republican, August 15, 1868.
 
1868—J. H. Scott, one time publisher of the Paola Crusader, has started a new paper at the Osage Mission to be called
The Osage Mission Journal.—-The Miami Republican, August 8, 1868.

1868—-We learn that parties intend erecting a brewery at the wire crossing of the Marais des Cygnes on the Fort Scott
road.—-The Miami Republican, April 11, 1868.

1868—Seventy five men have been working along Wea creek cutting railroad ties.-—The Miami Republican, August 29,
1868.

1868-—A handsome pine fence is being erected around Park Square.-—The Miami Republican, November 21, 1868.

1869--A description of Wire Crossing (Wire Road to the south of Paola) that B.J. Sheridan, educator, crossed frequently,
“Henry White, who ran the ferry at the “wire crossing”, at the Marais des Cygnes river”…..“This ferry boat was about
thirty feet long and sixteen feet wide. It was run back and forth by pulleys on a big guy rope, stretched across the river
and tied to trees.”……..”Sometimes it took twenty-minutes to swing across.”….”I had heard of so many people being
drowned there….”…B.J. Sheridan, op.cit.

1869—Common clothing worn by citizens of Paola then, “Soldier overcoats were common in the winters of those times—
the old, blue coat with brass buttons and a cape. They were sold cheap, and being left-over stock of contract supplies
piled up when the (Civil) war was brought to a close….” “I have seen dozens of these coats hung upon the wall at a
teachers’ examination in the old Paola School building of a winter day.”--B.J. Sheridan, op.cit.

1869—A three-story building (west side of square) was completed and to be used as a courtroom and county offices.
(Rainey Building)-–The Miami Republican, 1869.

1869—A three story building was built by William G. Rainey, who later was sheriff. He and his family lived on the third
floor—was located where Gamble’s store on west side square. The jail was in back of this building. (Burned in 1927.)
Six rooms on second floor were rented for County offices. Captain Rainey served in the Civil War prior to this time. . . .--
Ethel Hunt Collection of Newspaper Clippings.

1869--Captain John Huff and Geo. W. Quimby have opened a grocery and provision store on the north side of the
square.--The Miami Republican, April 17, 1869.

1869—The new calaboose will be ready for occupancy early next week.--The Miami Republican, May 1, 1869.

1869—The boys from this county who were in the 19th Kansas cavalry have returned home.--The Miami Republican,
May 1, 1869.

1869—In July of this year a major flood hits the area—-The Miami Republican, 1869.

1869—The question of “have we a city marshal?”  has been changed to “have we a city government?”  And from the
loose manner in which things have been running for some time past we unhesitatingly answer that we have neither.—
February 13, 1869. The Miami Republican.

1869—In a game of baseball at Osawatomie last week F. A. Smalley met with a severe accident. Both he and Mr. Merritt
ran for the same fly ball and ran together striking their heads and breaking the bones of Mr. Smalley’s face in two
places. Mr. Holladay opened the face and replaced the bones.—February 27, 1869, The Miami Republican.

1869—On Monday last, four stages and four hacks arrived from the end of the railroad track carrying 73 passengers
besides 30 odd who walked in carrying their carpet bags.—May 22, 1869, The Miami Republican.
 
1869—On July 17, Bull creek flooded badly killing several people.—The Miami Republican.      

1869—Weaver & Haerman, of St. Louis have commenced the erection of a steam flouring mill in this city near the depot.
—August 14, 1869, The Miami Republican.
 
1869--The Presbyterians of this city have commenced the erection of a house of worship. The rock for the foundation is
on the ground. The church will be built on the north side of Peoria street, almost opposite the Baptist church.—August
14, 1869, The Miami Republican.
 
1869—The comet now visible in the later part of the night is one about which clusters come of the most notable events
in history. Each time of its appearance it has been preceded by most terrible wars and followed by plague and
pestilence unequalled for destructiveness in the records of the world.--September 11, 1869, The Miami Republican.
 
1869—Paola has a population of 2,500; five organized churches and yet there are not to exceed 600 persons who
attend divine service on the Sabbath.—November 13, 1869, The Miami Republican.
 
1869—The railroad is completed and now running to Fort Scott.—December 4, 1869, The Miami Republican.

1869--The Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad used this type of locomotive prior to the turn of the century. It is a
Wood-burner and has a "Wash-tub" stack. The railroad reached Olathe, Kansas by December 1868 and was placed in
operation from Kansas City, Missouri to Olathe, a distance of 21 miles. A year later the tracks reached Fort Scott,
Kansas (100 miles). The road was continued to Baxter Springs, Kansas, making in all about 159.92 miles. The entire
road was placed in operation May 2, 1870. 1887, the Katy entered Rosedale via a Track Agreement. This trackage
rights agreement is still in effect. The Katy uses the Frisco tracks between Paola and Kansas City --A History of the City
of Rosedale, Kansas by Margaret Landis. Copyright 1976.
 
1869—There have been 200 buildings erected here during the past season and in a jaunt around town we counted 30
more in the process of erection.—December 4, 1869, The Miami Republican.

1869—V. C. Jarboe has established a new banking house. Paola has three banking concerns in operation now.—
December 4, 1869, The Miami Republican.   
                                                                                                                                                                   
1869—By the last or June, 1869, when school was out, The Missouri River, Ft. Scott & Gulf Railroad, now the Frisco, was
completed from Kansas City, Mo., to the south of the county. This did away with the stages, and the freighters’ teams
of mules and horses that plied between Kansas City and Twin Springs, over the road used by  the Government for
seven years beginning December, 1861 (Civil War) . . .being a direct wagon route through Paola and on to Ft. Scott.
The first post office, south of Paola, on this line, was Osage, of which Nathaniel S. Milone was postmaster. . . .section
33-18-23 . . .The office was discontinued when Fontana was founded, . . . For seven months from November, 1868, to
June, 1869, it was a common thing to see fifty freighters camped at the “Wire Crossing” where there was a ferry; also
to see two stage coaches, loaded with baggage , ten to twelve passengers trudging along, picking around mud holes. .
. .On both sides of the river, at the ferry, near the Losh store,  and near the Young store and saw mill on the north side
were big platforms were kept in shape from spring till fall, for dancing. . . . for sixty couples to assemble. . . .with music
furnished by  . . .--B. J. Sheridan Collection of Writings, The Miami Republican, 1869.

1869—“I was tired of that job”…was told to me about the little stone church where Father Wattron was the priest, in
Paola, that the teacher, hired, had given up the school, and I could get it. I then had a certificate good until May. . . .”
The old log house had to be repaired, and it was late in the fall before I took the school. . . .wage was $37.50 a month
with room and board at each house in the district’. . . . “The schoolhouse stood on  . . . northeast quarter of section 29-
16-23. . . . .”--B. J. Sheridan Collection of Writings, The Miami Republican, 1869.

1869—From 1869 to 1889 Paola used to have stiff boxing matches with and without gloves, from once to twice a
month. Often the fighters met outside of the city limits, the popular place being about 200 years southwest of what is
now the Frisco Depot.-—B. J. Sheridan Collection of Writings, The Miami Republican.

1869—Col. Torrey dies. He came to Paola in 1858 and operated the Torrey Hotel that Quantrell stayed in while living at
Stanton. (He was the one responsible for bringing Quantrill to Kansas--Ethel Hunt Collection, Newspaper Clippings.
 
1869—A major flood hits the area.-—July, 1869, The Miami Republican.
Paola, Kansas
a 150 year history in detail
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